News & Information

NOAA Weather Radio audio available on the Internet

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has announced that audio from many NOAA Weather Radio (NWR) channels is now available online, either as streaming audio or as MP3s and podcasts.

Though National Weather Service (NWS) offices are not hosting live streaming audio, many third parties do so, and the NWS maintains a list of streams at

In addition, a few dozen NWS offices are uploading audio files of weather radio messages to their Web sites, either as MP3 files or as podcasts.

The audio files available vary by site, but typically contain routine messages such as forecasts, hourly weather round-ups, and climate summaries.

 For the list of sites with downloadable audio, go to


Illinois state statutes that protect SAR K-9s and LE K-9s

Found at 

(510 ILCS 70/) Humane Care for Animals Act.

(510 ILCS 70/2.01d)
Sec. 2.01d. Search and rescue dog. "Search and rescue dog" means any dog that is trained or is certified to locate persons lost on land or in water.

(Source: P.A. 92‑454, eff. 1‑1‑02.)
(510 ILCS 70/2.08)
Sec. 2.08. Police animal. "Police animal" means any animal owned or used by a law enforcement department or agency in the course of the department or agency's work.
(Source: P.A. 90‑80, eff. 7‑10‑97.)
(510 ILCS 70/4.03) (from Ch. 8, par. 704.03)

Sec. 4.03. Teasing, striking or tampering with police animals, service animals, or search and rescue dogs prohibited. It shall be unlawful for any person to willfully and maliciously taunt, torment, tease, beat, strike, or administer or subject any desensitizing drugs, chemicals or substance to (I) any animal used by a law enforcement officer in the performance of his or her functions or duties, or when placed in confinement off duty, (ii) any service animal, (iii) any search and rescue dog, or (iv) any police, service, or search and rescue animal in training. It is unlawful for any person to interfere or meddle with (i) any animal used by a law enforcement department or agency or any handler thereof in the performance of the functions or duties of the department or agency, (ii) any service animal, (iii) any search and rescue dog, or (iv) any law enforcement, service, or search and rescue animal in training.
Any person convicted of violating this Section is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor. A second or subsequent violation is a Class 4 felony.
(Source: P.A. 92‑454, eff. 1‑1‑02; 92‑650, eff. 7‑11‑02.)
(510 ILCS 70/4.04) (from Ch. 8, par. 704.04)

Sec. 4.04. Injuring or killing police animals, service animals, or search and rescue dogs prohibited. It shall be unlawful for any person to willfully or maliciously torture, mutilate, injure, disable, poison, or kill (i) any animal used by a law enforcement department or agency in the performance of the functions or duties of the department or agency or when placed in confinement off duty, (ii) any service animal, (iii) any search and rescue dog, or (iv) any law enforcement, service, or search and rescue animal in training. However, a police officer or veterinarian may perform euthanasia in emergency situations when delay would cause the animal undue suffering and pain.
A person convicted of violating this Section is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor if the animal is not killed or totally disabled; if the animal is killed or totally disabled, the person is guilty of a Class 4 felony.
(Source: P.A. 91‑357, eff. 7‑29‑99; 92‑454, eff. 1‑1‑02; 92‑650, eff. 7‑11‑02.)




WASHINGTON - The Coast Guard reminds all boaters that beginning January 1, 2007, both 121.5 and 243 MHz Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacons (EPIRBs) are prohibited from use in both commercial and recreational
watercraft.  Boaters wishing to have an emergency rescue beacon aboard their vessel must have a digital 406 MHz model.

The January 1, 2007, date to stop using 121.5 MHz EPIRBs is in preparation for February 1, 2009, when satellite processing of distress signals from all 121.5/243 MHz beacons will terminate. Following this termination date, only the 406 MHz beacons will be detected by the International Cospas-Sarsat Satellite System which provides distress
alert and location data for search and rescue operations around the world.

The regulation applies to all Class A, B, and S 121.5/243 MHz EPIRBs.  It does not affect 121.5/243 MHz man overboard devices which are designed to work directly with a base alerting unit only and not with the satellite system.

This change, in large part, was brought about by the unreliability of the 121.5/243 MHz beacons in an emergency situation.  Data reveals that with a 121.5 MHz beacon, only one alert out of every 50 is a genuine distress situation. This has a significant effect on expending the limited resources of search and rescue personnel and platforms. With 406 MHz beacons, false alerts have been reduced significantly, and, when properly registered, can usually be resolved with a telephone call to the beacon owner.  Consequently, real alerts can receive the attention they

When a 406 MHz beacon signal is received, search and rescue personnel can retrieve information from a registration database. This includes the beacon owner's contact information, emergency contact information, and vessel/aircraft identifying characteristics. Having this information allows the Coast Guard, or other rescue personnel, to respond appropriately.

In the U.S., users are required by law to directly register their beacon in the U.S. 406 MHz Beacon Registration Database at: or by calling 1-888-212-SAVE. Other users can register their beacon in their country's national beacon registration database or, if no national database is available, in the International Beacon Registration Database at

The United States Coast Guard is the lead agency for coordinating national maritime search and rescue policy and is responsible for providing search and rescue services on, under and over assigned international waters and waters subject to United States jurisdiction.


Link to SAR catalog (Typed Resource Definitions):


Emergency Preparedness Systems LLC

Lighting Facts & Safety for SAR Teams

To Respected SAR Volunteers,

It has been brought to my attention that some “SAR Teams” (and I use the term lightly) either does not have a Code of Ethics or has chosen to ignore them.

As SAR Volunteers our main goal to “Search”, hopefully “Rescue” and if need be “Recover” Lost Family members within our communities, as requested by either our Emergency Management Agencies, Law Enforcement or Fire Districts. We, as SAR Volunteers, do not SELF-DEPLOY, nor do we present ourselves as being sent by an association or organization such as Alzheimer’s Association, Missing and Exploited Children, National Association of Search and Rescue or other’s. Just showing up, saying you and your team were sent as a representative of one of the above is just wrong, especially when it is at the family of the lost person(s) door step, and then involving and taking the family along in the search and giving false hope that the missing person was picked up and/or has driven off with some stranger, or giving false information of “INDICATIONS” of where the lost family may be or has been.

Nor, as Volunteers do we charge a FEE and should never contact the family of a lost loved one and tell them that if they want to find their family member you and/or your team will come if they PAY for your services. Any team that charges a fee for SAR is not a volunteer, but instead, is nothing more than a ”PREDATOR” praying on the emotions of families and has no place in SAR Community; particularly, when you state that you and your team are the ”ONLY ONES” who will be able to find the missing family member and will only do so; after the fees have been paid.

It is a shame that there are some who believe that self-deployment, false representation and charging for services is ethical and has no conscience in doing so. It is no wonder that requesting agencies are reluctant to contact legitimate SAR Volunteer Teams when there is a lost person(s), and when they do; each of the requested responding teams must prove their selves during the incident.

We, as SAR Volunteers must educate and develop relationships with our requesting agencies. Let them know what your Code of Ethics and Call-Out Protocols are; work with them to develop Mutual Aide Agreements, Memorandums of Understanding; invite them to your training; and foremost keep the lines of communication open. Together, SAR Volunteers must and can overcome the past history of unethical and down right illegal practices of these unscrupulous Teams!

To those that hold to a Code of Conduct, I apologize for the tone of this post, however to those who do not hold to a Code of Conduct: GET ONE!!

So That Others May Live!

Pamela Carroll, APDS
Hotamitaneo American Response and Rescue Teams Founder



Category I EPIRB: type of 406 MHz EPIRB that will automatically deploy and activate when in contact with water. Unit can be manually activated while in its bracket or manually deployed and activated.

Category II EPIRB: type of 406 MHz EPIRB that is manually deployed. EPIRB will automatically activate when in contact with water and not in its bracket.

Class 1 EPIRB: and EPIRB that is rated for operation in extreme cold climates (48 hrs @ -40°C, -40°F). All ACR 406 MHz EPIRBs are rated Class 1.

Class 2 EPIRB: an EPIRB that is rated for operation in more temperate climates (48 hrs @ -20°C, -4°F).

COB: Crew-Overboard

COSPAS-SARSAT: the international cooperative among the United States, Canada, Russia and France that operates the satellite monitoring system for 406 MHz EPIRBs.

EPIRB: Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon. A 406 MHz EPIRB broadcasts on that frequency and is capable of transmitting a unique coded signal identifying the carrying vessel. A Class B EPIRB transmits only an audio tone alert on 121.5 MHz and 243.0 MHz and is not capable of vessel identification.

FCC: Federal Communications Commission is a United States governmental agency responsible for regulating products manufactured in the United States, that transmit over the airwaves.

GEOSAR: geostationary high earth orbiting satellites that receive 406 MHz signals nearly instantaneously. Position is provided by a GPS-enabled EPIRB.

GMDSS: Global Maritime Distress and Safety System. Minimum safety standards agreed to by the International Maritime Organization (IMO).

INTEGRAL GPS: 406 MHz EPIRB with a built-in GPS receiver. It is self-contained and needs no external position data input when transmitting an emergency signal.

LEOSAR: low earth orbiting satellite that receives signals from EPIRBs and records their Doppler shift data.

MCC: Mission Control Center. The location that gathers satellite information from the LUT, verifies user registration information to determine if the signal may be a false alarm, then issues an alert to the appropriate Rescue Coordination Center (RCC).

NOAA: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The United States government agency that, among other things, manages the USA’s EPIRB registration database and serves as a nodal MCC.

PLB: Personal Locator Beacon. A 406 MHz PLB broadcasts on that frequency and is capable of transmitting a Unique Identifier Number (UIN) identifying the carrier.

RCC: Rescue Coordination Center. The location that deploys and directs search and rescue personnel.

RDF: Radio Direction Finder.

SAR: Search and Rescue. Emergency response forces that could be funded by federal, state, municipal or private agencies.

SART: Search and Rescue Transponder. This device amplifies a radar’s signal and returns it with an enhanced signature on the radar’s screen that includes a line of 12 "blips"—designed to get the attention of the operator.

SOLAS: Safety of Life at Sea. Minimum safety standards agreed to by the International Maritime Organization (IMO).

STROBE: intense, extremely conspicuous pulsing light for enhanced location in poor visibility conditions.

UIN: the Unique Identifier Number programmed into 406 MHz EPIRBs that is registered at the appropriate national authority and broadcast by the EPIRB in an emergency.

USCG: United States Coast Guard, the United States Marine SAR response agency.

WATERPROOF: the ability of a piece of equipment to prohibit water penetration of its exterior case or housing. Often rated as the ability to continue to remain functional despite complete immersion to a specified depth.

WATER-RESISTANT: the ability of a piece of equipment to continue functioning if it comes in contact with water but is not immersed. Sometimes called SPRAY or SPLASH-RESISTANT.

WATER SENSOR ACTIVATION: the unit will turn on when it has been armed and comes in contact with water.



There is a local vet surgeon who has a specialized course in K9 First Aid for Working Dogs (Disaster, Police, Detector, and SAR) this is what he recommends.

  • Single use cold pack

  • Emergency blanket

  • Gauze rolls

  • Medical tape

  • Non-stick bandage pads

  • X-ray Opaque Penrose

  • Tubing for surgical wound drainage

  • EMT scissors

  • Collar/leash

  • Dosing syringe

  • Stomach tube

  • Wound dressing supplies

  • Gauze sponges

  • Sterile bulb syringe

  • 3M Vetrap

  • KY lubricating jelly

  • ToxiBan charcoal-Koalin suspension

  • Quick Muzzle

  • Rubber gloves

  • Alcohol swabs

  • Antibacterial moist wipes

  • Cotton balls

  • Stainless steel surgical blade

  • Wood tongue depressors

  • Stainless steel Kelly forceps

  • Triple antibiotic ointment

  • Cotton swabs

  • Pen flashlight with pupil gauge

  • Thermometer

These are available in one kit from:

A side note: one of the most important things is to have the emergency numbers for you vets or a list of vets and emergency clinics in your coverage area that you can access easily in the field or someone can access for you. Also, learn K9 CPR.

Hope this helps. If you are anywhere near New York, I highly recommend attending one of his seminars. They are excellent.

-Trish RCSAR, NY


Public Act 094-0599


HB0594 Enrolled                    LRB094 05165 AJO 36388 b

AN ACT concerning volunteer emergency workers.

Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois,

represented in the General Assembly:

Section 5. The Volunteer Firefighter Job Protection Act is amended by changing Sections 1, 3, 5, and 20 as follows:

(50 ILCS 748/1)

Sec. 1. Short title. This Act may be cited as the

Volunteer Emergency Worker Firefighter Job Protection Act.

(Source: P.A. 93-1027, eff. 8-25-04.)(50 ILCS 748/3)

         Sec. 3. Definitions. As used in this Act:

     "Volunteer emergency worker firefighter" means a firefighter who does not receive monetary compensation for his or her services to a fire department or fire protection district and who does not work for any other fire department or fire protection district for monetary compensation. "Volunteer emergency worker" also means a person who does not receive monetary compensation for his or her services as a volunteer Emergency Medical Technician (licensed as an EMT-B, EMT-I, or EMT-P under the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Systems Act), a volunteer ambulance driver or attendant, or a volunteer "First Responder", as defined in Sec. 3.60 of the Emergency Medical Services (EMT) Systems Act, to a fire department, fire protection district, or other governmental entity and who does not work in one of these capacities for any other fire department, fire protection district, or governmental entity for monetary compensation.

    "Monetary compensation" does not include a monetary incentive awarded to a firefighter by the board of trustees of a fire protection district under Section 6 of the Fire Protection District Act. (Source: P.A. 93-1027, eff. 8-25-04.) (50 ILCS 748/5)

    Sec. 5. Volunteer emergency worker firefighter; when termination of employment prohibited.

    (a) No public or private employer may terminate an employee who is a volunteer emergency worker firefighter because the employee, when acting as a volunteer emergency worker firefighter, is absent from or late to his or her employment in order to respond to an emergency prior to the time the employee is to report to his or her place of employment.

    (b) An employer may charge, against the employee's regular pay, any time that an employee who is a volunteer emergency worker firefighter loses from employment because of the employee's response to an emergency in the course of performing his or her duties as a volunteer emergency worker firefighter.

    (c) In the case of an employee who is a volunteer emergency worker firefighter and who loses time from his or her employment in order to respond to an emergency in the course of performing his or her duties as a volunteer emergency worker firefighter, the employer has the right to request the employee to provide the employer with a written statement from the supervisor or acting supervisor of the volunteer fire department or governmental entity that the volunteer emergency worker serves stating that the employee responded to an emergency and stating the time and date of the emergency.

    (d) An employee who is a volunteer emergency worker firefighter and who may be absent from or late to his or her employment in order to respond to an emergency in the course of performing his or her duties as a volunteer emergency worker firefighter must make a reasonable effort to notify his or her employer that he or she may be absent or late. (Source: P.A. 93-1027, eff. 8-25-04.) (50 ILCS 748/20)

    Sec. 20. Applicability. This Act does not apply to any employer that is a municipality applies only to municipalities with a population of 3,500 or more less. (Source: P.A. 93-1027, eff. 8-25-04.)

Effective Date: 1/1/2006



Do not self deploy

Just a word of caution.  Be careful which groups you get involved in for the rescue efforts for Louisiana (LA) and that entire area.  While yes there is a need for trained rescue workers there are also some scams going on and some less than reputable people out there trying to put "teams" together at the last minute.

Be sure you are going at the request of a government agency and make sure that request is first hand not handed down via e-mail from who knows where.

We all want badly to help but if you go in with the wrong group you can cause more harm than good.

Do not self deploy, offer your services at the state level and wait until they dispatch you.

I know most of you know all of this but at times like these it stands to be repeated.

Gail    (From SAR-IL Yahoo Group)


New Campaign sweeping the Nation


Following the attacks in London, East Anglian Ambulance Service  has launched a national "In Case of  Emergency ( ICE ) " campaign.

The  idea is that you store the word " ICE " in your mobile phone address book,  and against it enter the  number of the person you would want to be contacted  "In Case of Emergency".

In an emergency situation ambulance and hospital  staff will then be able to quickly find out who your next of kin are and be able to contact them. It's so simple that everyone can do it.

Please will you also email this to everybody in your address book, it won't take too many 'forwards' before everybody will know about this. 

It  really could help the emergency services in doing their job. For more than  one contact name use: ICE1, ICE2, ICE3 etc.

The Florida Wilderness Search And Rescue Association has put together a new Search and Rescue Discussion Site, with email notifications of Mission Alerts and Amber Alerts. 

Several topics have been added, and we are adding more as they are asked for. 

Check it daily for news and Information from SAR members all over Florida.


Wilderness Monitoring Protocol

The purpose of this initiative is to offer stations outside repeater range an opportunity to be heard when it is needed the most!

The Wilderness Protocol suggests radio operators (Amateur service) should monitor standard simplex channels at specific times in case of Emergency or priority calls.

The primary frequency monitored is 146.52 MHz; secondarily or alternatively 52.525, 223.5, 446.0 and 1294.5 MHz respectively. The idea is to allow communications between hams that are hiking or backpacking in uninhabited areas, outside repeater range an alternative opportunity to be heard.

NOTE-  This is NOT just for hikers, back packers, or similar is for ANYONE to use at ANYTIME...that you need assistance!

Recommended Use of "Wilderness Protocol"

Monitor the PRIMARY- 146.520 and any or all of the SECONDARY FREQUENCIES.(52.525, 223.500, 446.00, 1294.500)

MONITOR TIMING- Every 3 hours from 0700 HRS ..from the hour until 5 (five) minutes past the hour.(7:00-7:05 AM, 10:00-10:05 AM, ..., 10:00-10:05 PM).

ALTERNATE TIMING- 0655 to 0705, Etc 5 before till 5 after.. (watch may be incorrect)

ENHANCED MONITORING- Fixed stations or portable stations with enough battery power levels LISTEN EVERY HOUR. (Obviously Continuous Monitoring is also an option.)

SCANNING MONITOR- Consider entering- 146.52 MHz , 52.525, 223.5, 446.0 and 1294.5 MHz in to your scanner radio, or extended scanning monitor radio.

Remind others of this protocol at meetings and on nets.

NOTE- 146.52 IS A CALLING FREQUENCY.... Make your Calls, and then move off the frequency so others can use the frequency. Suggested frequencies to move to; 146.55, 146.43, etc.

PRIORITY TONE SIGNALS- Suggested Priority Radio Transmissions ONLY after 4 minutes after the hour.

USE the LONG TONE ZERO (on Touch Tone Pad) Begin calls for assistance with 10 or more seconds of TONE with the LiTZ signal. ( LONG TONE ZERO )- This timing would help those in trouble not be covered up by the tone itself.

These are CALLING FREQUENCIES, and the CALLING should only start at 4 minutes after the hour preceded by listening for 30 seconds...LISTEN FIRST- CALL CQ with short transmissions, then carefully listen. LISTEN FIRST! always a good idea!



What To Do In An Caving Emergency:

You should cave in groups no smaller than 4 people for safety purposes.

If you are on a caving trip & you or a member of your group are injured. In the minutes after this happens you must do several things to insure the safety of the injured persons and the entire group.

The following is a checklist that everyone that caves should keep in mind in the event that an injury occurs.

  • Protect yourself first then the injured person. Do Not become a victim yourself.
  • Ensure that you can obtain access to the injured person safely.
  • Check for unsafe conditions before entering an accident site and correct all dangerous conditions.
  • Determine extent of injuries and stabilize the victim if you have the skill. Treat for hypothermia early (prevention rather than rewarming).
  • Determine if the person can walk/crawl out, can be assisted to walk/crawl out, or if you will need assistance to get the person out.
  • If there is any chance of spinal injury do not move the patient accept to prevent further injury.
  • If the injury is serious, use your own judgment. Begin to take notes about the victim. Pulse, respiration, and skin temperature are minimum. Clearly time and date all data.
  • If you need outside help, send for it or wait for your outside safety person to notify authorities. Remember that your outside safety person can only call for help if they know exactly which cave you are in and when to expect your return.
  • Inventory all equipment in your group to determine what is available; to help your patient survive, to aid your survival, and determine what may be needed from the outside. Get the information to the surface.
  • When possible two people should be sent out for help, they should leave as much food, water, and dry clothing as possible for the people that remain with the patient.
  • They should carry a copy of all notes concerning patient condition and location.
  • Include information about your needs as well as what you have on site to treat the patient with.
  • Your messengers need to know emergency telephone numbers, have keys to vehicles, and have knowledge and experience to get out safely.


New Toll-free Poison Control Number

The ASPCA has a new poison control hotline phone number for pets.

If you have reason to suspect that your pet may have been exposed to something toxic, either internally or externally, this phone number will connect you with an ASPCA veterinarian specially trained to assist pet owners or other vets.

This is the only dedicated animal poison control hotline in the world manned by veterinarians, not telephone operators. The number is staffed 24/7.  A fee of $45 is collected per case (which may involve many phone calls)

(Advise them If the emergency involves a Search & Rescue Dog, they may wave the fee)

(888) 4ANI-HELP or (888) 426-4435

SAR Related e-mail Lists

List Name Subscribe e-mail Address List Website



Search and Rescue




MSAR folks in Illinois
MSAR Riders - Mounted SAR 


Marine Frequencies
per US Coast Guard








Port Operations and Commercial, VTS. Available only in New Orleans/Lower Mississippi area.




Port Operations or VTS in the Houston, New Orleans and Seattle areas.




Intership Safety








Commercial (Intership only)




Boater Calling. Commercial and Non-Commercial.








Commercial. VTS in selected areas.




Port Operations. VTS in selected areas.




Intership Navigation Safety (Bridge-to-bridge).

Ships >20m length maintain a listening watch on this channel in US waters.




Port Operations. VTS in selected areas.




Environmental (Receive only). Used by Class C EPIRBs.




International Distress, Safety and Calling.

Ships required to carry radio, USCG, and most coast stations maintain a listening watch on this channel.




State Control












Port Operations (duplex)




Port Operations




U.S. Coast Guard only




Coast Guard Liaison and Maritime Safety Information Broadcasts. Broadcasts announced on channel 16.




U.S. Coast Guard only




Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)




Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)




Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)




Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)




Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)




Port Operations and Commercial, VTS. Available only in New Orleans/Lower Mississippi area.




Port Operations




Port Operations




Commercial. Used for Bridge-to-bridge communications in lower Mississippi River. Intership only.












Digital Selective Calling (voice communications not allowed)








Non-Commercial (Intership only)




Port Operations




Port Operations




Port Operations (Intership only)








Commercial. Non-Commercial in Great Lakes only




Commercial. Non-Commercial in Great Lakes only




U.S. Government only - Environmental protection operations.




U.S. Government only




U.S. Coast Guard only




Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)




Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)




Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)




Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)




Public Correspondence only near Canadian border.




Commercial, Intership only.

Back to


Copyright firearsn © 1997 - 2013.
Last revised: 19 November 2012.

Warning-Any person and/or institution and/or Agent and/or Agency of any governmental, public or private structure including but not limited to the United States Federal Government also using or monitoring/using this website or any of its associated websites, you do NOT have my permission to utilize any of my profile information nor ...any of the content contained herein including, but not limited to my photos, and/or the comments made about my photos or any other "picture" art posted on my profile. You are hereby notified that you are strictly prohibited from disclosing, copying, distributing, disseminating, or taking any other action against me with regard to this profile and the contents herein. The foregoing prohibitions also apply to your employee(s), agent(s), student(s) or any personnel under your direction or control. The contents of this profile are private and legally privileged and confidential information, and the violation of my personal privacy is punishable by law. UCC 1-103 1-308 ALL RIGHTS RESERVED WITHOUT PREJUDICE